Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://repositoriodigital.ipn.mx/handle/123456789/13006
Título : Contrasts in sedimentation flux below the southern California Current in late 1996 and during the El Niño event 1997-1998
Autor : Silverberg, Norman
Martinez Lopez, Aida
Aguíñiga García, Sergio
Carriquiry, José D.
Romero Ibarra, Nancy
Shumilin, Evguene
Cota Meza, María Soledad
Palabras clave : San Lazaro Basin
particulate element fluxes
valoración económica
valoración económica
Soledad Basin
settling particles
Fecha de publicación : 2004
Editorial : Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Resumen : The vertical flux of particulate matter at 330 m depth in San La´ zaro Basin off southern Baja California ranged from 63 to 587 mg m-2 d-1 between August and November 1996. Organic carbon contents were between 5.6 and 14.8%, yielding flux rates of 9-40 mgC m-2 d-1. In December 1997 and January 1998, at the height of the strong El Niño event, the respective fluxes (47-202 mg m-2 d-1 and 3-8 mgC m-2 d-1) were comparable. The February-June 1998 records, however, revealed sharply reduced mass (1-6 mg m-2 d-1) and organic carbon (0.2-0.8 mgC m-2 d-1) fluxes. The organics collected in 1996 were predominantly autochthonous (δ13C=-22%; C/N=8). The variations in δ15N (8.3-11.0%) suggest an alternation of new and regenerated production, possibly associated with fluctuations in the intensity of deep mixing during that autumn. The relatively high organic matter fluxes in December 1997 appear to be associated with regenerated production. The average composition from February to June 1998 (δ13C=-23:6%; 15N = 11:7%; C=N = 10:5) indicates degraded material of marine origin. The maximum δ15N value found (~14%) suggests that deeper, denitrified waters were brought to the surface and possibly advected laterally. Regime changes in the waters of the basin occur at 6-10 week intervals, evidenced by concurrent shifts in most of the measured parameters, including fecal pellet types and metal chemistry. The marine snow-dominated detritus collected showed a shift from a mixed diatom-rich-radiolarian-coccolith assemblage in late 1996 to a coccolith-dominated assemblage, including the contents of fecal pellets, during the 1997e1998 El-Niño period. T-S profiles, plankton analysis and chlorophyll contents of the upper water column indicated that the strong phytoplankton bloom, normally associated with seasonal upwelling along the Pacific coast of Baja, did not occur during the spring of 1998. The persistence of oligotrophic conditions during the 1997-1998 El Niño event favored the dominance of nanoplankton and reduced the vertical flux of particles.
URI : http://www.repositoriodigital.ipn.mx/handle/123456789/13006
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