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Título : Trace metal concentrations in the hair of Zalophus californianus pups and their relation to feeding habits
Autor : Elorreaga Verplancken, Fernando
Aurioles Gamboa, David
Palabras clave : California sea lion pups, Hair, Trace metals, feeding habits
Fecha de publicación : 2008
Editorial : Biological Trace Element Research
Resumen : The levels of six trace metals (Hg, Se, Pb, Cu, Fe, and Zn) were measured in the hair of California sea lion pups from eight rookeries in the Gulf of California, with the aim of relating these levels with the animals feeding habits, trophic level, and δ15N signatures at each locality. Trace metal levels were seen to vary significantly between sample sites as were tendencies associated with feeding habits. Mercury concentrations showed a clear positive correlation with trophic level (r = 0.73, p = 0.06) as well as the δ15N values of the rookeries (r = 0.79, p = 0.033). This was explainable via the process of biomagnification, although other elements did not follow the same tendency. High Cu concentrations in the hair (18 and 47 µg g−1; ANOVA, p < 0.05) were observed at San Pedro Mártir and San Esteban, where the consumption of squid is higher than at other localities (~17% and ~27% of the diet, respectively). Se and Hg concentrations correlated positively (r = 0.73, p = 0.038), probably the result of detoxification processes, a phenomenon previously reported in marine mammals. In light of the high degree of philopatry among sea lions in the Gulf and their pups’ dependence exclusively upon their mother’s milk during the first months of life, the analysis of trace metals in the easily sampled hair of the pups, offers an indirect way of monitoring the toxicology of the sea lion populations.
URI : http://www.repositoriodigital.ipn.mx/handle/123456789/13261
ISSN : 0163-4984
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